Achieving a better price for you beef or dairy feeder cattle, Dr. Michael Baker

March 23, 2020
Achieving a better price for you beef or dairy feeder cattle, Dr. Michael Baker

Achieving a better price for you beef or dairy feeder cattle, by Dr. Michael Baker

NNYADP Dairy-Beef Research: How to Add Value to Dairy Business

Northern New York. Dairy farmers may have an opportunity to add income through enhancing their breeding bull selection. Research funded by the farmer-driven Northern New York Agricultural Development Program (NNYADP) provides information to help dairy farmers decide if adding a crossbreeding enterprise for beef production would be a good addition for their dairy business.

Cornell University Beef Extension Specialist Dr. Mike Baker notes that according to the USDA Market News, in New York, Holstein-beef crossbred bull calves can bring up to a $100 per head premium compared to purebred Holstein bull calves, however, the majority of these calves born in New York are raised outside New York.

"Given the abundant supply of high-quality forage in Northern New York, producers have the potential to raise calves to feeder weights of 300 to 800 lbs. or to finish them using feed refusals from their dairy enterprise," Baker says. "This can provide an additional income stream for dairies as well as a supply of calves for the burgeoning beef stocker industry."

Baker notes that market competition will increase when the type of calves arriving at auction are segregated. The result?

"Calves with a vetted sire selection and raised with birth, health and nutrition protocols are bringing the highest premiums according to one semen supplier and livestock auction owner. Those with no sire selection are bringing smaller premiums," Baker explains.

The NNYADP research describes how using Expected Progeny Differences (EPD) data points can help dairy farmers make a good-fit beef breed bull selection for their milk cows.

"Holstein cows should be bred to beef sires whose traits complement the cows' genetic makeup, are economically-competitive to feed, and meet consumer demands for beef quality," Baker summarizes.

He adds that other considerations for bull section, based on studying EPD data points, are traits that indicated the opportunity for good average daily weight gain and ribeye quality.

Four farms in Northern New York assisted this NNYADP project; data was collected on 125 calves born to Holstein cows bred to an Angus beef breed bull. The New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets provided additional funding to support USDA grading of 100 calves to develop economic value data.

Funding for the Northern New York Agricultural Development Program is supported by the New York State Legislature and administered by the New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets. For more information, see

For additional results, the full report is available online.


  • Project leader Dr. Mike Baker, Cornell University, 607-255-5923, 
  • NNYADP Co-Chairs: Jon Greenwood, 315-386-3231; Joe Giroux, 518-563-7523; Jon Rulfs, 518-572-1960 
  • NNYADP Coordinator Michele Ledoux, 315-376-5270, 
  • Publicist Kara Lynn Dunn, 315-465-7578,

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